Vidyasagar Nautiyal

By Anjali Agrahari

Along with enchanting views of majestic Himalayan mountains, combination of simplicity and colours within the culture, harmony of lifestyle with it’s surrounding natureand the serene sprituallity, the Adobe of God is gifted with a writer like Vidyasagar Nautiyal in the field of literature. The one who is sailing the boat of difficulties of pahadi life & real issues of society in contradiction of the same land’s amidst nature through his literature, is helping people to understand where social ethos stands in the high tides of human struggle in pahad. It is true that if anyone wants to feel the indispensability of a Pahadi then he/she must go through Nautiyal’s literature and write ups. Born in Teri Garhwal in 1933, he is remembered for his stories, travelogues and all kinds of vibrant prose. First he got his education from Pratap College in Teri and then did intermediate from Dehradun, went to DAV College for B.A,LLB and finally did MA English in BHU. In this journey of his education, he went through many happenings and experiences in such way that couldn’t be described more better than on papers. Not only know in Hindi literatures, he is also famous in Russian literature. As it is said that a writer’s pen works with the fuel of his pain, Nautiyal fueled his pen with pain that is cosumed by a third eye for the people who is struggling. Else then literature, he participated and contributed in many movements in protection of rights, whether it’s the protection of freedom for Tehri or the protection of lives of trees. He not only used his pen but also used his sword of actions and efforts to create his society a better place especially for deprived one. For youth like us, the inspiring aspect of Vidya Sagar Nautiyal is a amuse for how he sustained his energy for such important contributions in society throughout his life.

Vidyasagar Nautiyal

Life of Vidya Sagar Nautiyal is somehow partly depicted in his write ups. Happenings in his life and writings through his pen are somehow interlinked and resourcing each other for the existence of certain values. Growing up little, son of Narayan Date Nautiyal and Ratna Nautiyal participated in feaudalism protest “Prajamandal” that intended to restore democracy to the Teri Garhwal princely state as it entered into union with India, inspired by Nagendra Sakalani.  He started writing poem within the influence of his surrounding that only fortunate people get. Wonder that he was also lucky that even in his college life when  he went to Kashi for graduation from BHU,  poet Kedar Nath Singh became his neighbourhood in Bhagwadas hostel. His efforts in freedom movement led him to taste the air of jail. Suggested by his friend in his neighbour village, he made a small Manuscript. While he was in jail, he got to know about printing press that was present within the jail. He tried to convince the jailer to print his compilation, jailer took his time to answer it but as it was clear that printing it a sort of deriving people for more enthusiams towards their goal. So he denied. But this denial led him to understand the importance of literature for society. Further in college, his first story “Mook Balidaan” got published in college magazine. He was also inspired by his friend Kedarnath Singh’s mesmerising write-ups. He also took participation in debates and speeches. Coming out of these types of curriculums, Nautiyal build a base for his ongoing literatures for depicting mountain life and society with social realism and humanism.

After Tehri Riyasat got freedom on 14th january 1948, influenced by communism, this communist also became the president of All India Student Federation, then got selected as international chairperson in CPI’s student federation. while always connected with CPI, he got elected as MLA in U.P Parliament. He also went to America, Europe and Sovient Union. Through this we can conclude that a feeling of welfare for different stratas of nation and leadership quality was prominent in his valuable characterstics. Getting such major responsibilities says that he must be a man of worth. These qualities of him was a base for his writings that are dramatic, struggleful and jubilating in their  titles like samkaleen kahaniyan, Meri katha Yatra, Swarg Safalta! Pani pani, Jhund se bichara, suraj sabka hain, phulo hari, uttar bayan hain, mera namak waps do, Tihri ki kahaniyan, yamuna ke bete, bheem akela, uljhe riste etc are more comprehensive in dark and light, up and down within the content. In his book “Pratinidhi Kahaniyan” he delineated the lives of women in the hilly regions of Uttrakhand. His stories in this are based on how women of mountains struggles in her life fighting with the issues of society. He portrayed how women are the real fighter out of a circumstances that are the reality of life on mountains along with the non rational society’s mindset. Various stories also shed light on the poverty, casteism and bonded labour. Most of the characters in these stories are women, providing it a unique point of view. Even after a huge gap into the field of literature, His story ‘bhais ka kat’ was first published in Allahabad magazine “Kalpana” in 1954 proved to be a turning point in the life of Sagar regarding literature. Dr. V Charnishov translated ‘bhais ka katya’ in Russian language. From there he became a known portray not only in hindi literature but also among Russians and got many appreciation from many library figures of his time.

In his young time, he used to read Premchand and Jaishankar Prashad along with some english literature of Catherine Mansfield and O. Henry. His observation skills led him to understand a phase in society where people are suffering from a lot of tension and hassle in life. A frame of how uncontrolled human tendencies and day to day events eventually leading to a generate a struggling life and relationships can be seen in his first Upanyas “Uljhe Rishte” and  “Yamuna ke baagi bete”. Testing everything at the touchstone of principles and values in political and literature, he believes that social disproportion in the biggest challenge.  yamuna ke baagi bete is not only a remarkable Upanyas But more than this, it is also a poignant and burning document of an unjust power and against British and English civil war, against the fight of unarmed Hindustani people, who read and write. It is a novel fighter, fighting from the first word to the whole sentence, but this fight is not a fight of the people or the ‘people’ fought against the Tehri-Garhwal principality, for the past seventy seven years, it is a fight whose roots have a the story of Shantanu of the mythological era and the rishi wife Renuka who goes to the mental duel, where a big ‘war’ is happening every time our eyes are in front of our of the prominent poet Manglesh Dabral believes that his wordly creations has struggle of Premchand realism tradition. Thus he is also known as “premchand of mountains”.

Being a part of communist party and BHU, to oppose the report of Mudakar Commision, Vidya Sagar went to jail again in 1962-1964. Even his passion of writingcan be seen in a form of jail diary. Once there was a  married women who died untimely in her young age. Sagar felt her pain and people who were connected to her, he also portrayed her through his words and said that her imitation will be safe with him. He kept talking to us through his pen with questions like scholars and displacements of the mountain, life of mountain girls and dalits. He wrote about the actual climb of the mountain, the images of it and having  a unique modernity. Life of farmer society and their struggle was also a part of his writing. He want to do something new by combining the conflicts and difficulties of globalization and development, the tensions and the disadvantaged ones which shows that he was a efficacious writer.

Vidyasagar Nautiyal in elderly stage

In his tragic novel “Uttar Bayan Hain” he portrayed common men’s struggle in garhwal and “Jhund se se bichara” depicted the hard life of hill people. Undoubtedly “jhund se bichara” is a small novel, but the story of its story is elaborate. In the center of the narrative, where ‘harmony’ and a helpless hill woman, which has immense love for her cow and ‘Bholi’ foil, on the other hand there is a terrible tiger, in the form of a time that only rotates in the forest. In the novel, not only the mountainous life spanning the main story, but also the tremendous courage of the characters giving protection to the people of the tiger. Tigers symbolizes mountain myth and commonality in the common life there. In “Bheem Akela” many shades of our country emerge simultaneously – these shadows have a tribute to ethnic memory and the pain of their social beliefs. This is a journey that has been adapted into the novel. Obviously, there are not only paths in travel, there is also a complete environment running along with the traveler, there are also changing colors of experiences and there is also a bundle of memories. There is also a memory in this novel. The memory of Shahid Bholaram Sardar and Tejasih Sardar, with which many sufferings are associated. In the novel of Azad Hind, the trend of forgetting the martyrs is in the novel. Apart from this, this book faces us with many difficulties and discrepancies in the village, country and mountain. Bhima alone puts the image of a large canvas in front of us in his small collage.The role ‘Bheem Akela’ is a two day journey. This visit was done years ago, while he was a member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The motivation for writing this was reading the book ‘Rathar and Water’ of his friend Netrisingh Rawat that printed a impression in his mind. That was also a travel memoir. Today’s life of rural garhwal is also narrated in “Mohan gata jaayega”.

Once in a e-mail interview, when it was ask to him about blogging his literature, he replied “Main koi shadyantra ri nahi hu jo kisise koi baat chupke se keh du”, which is a living proof that his writing style was not afraid of reality. He believed in changing circumstances through his literature. The true image of the society was reflected by him  on the mirror of the paper which led him create such never fading literatures. He was so fond of his land that even his writing on Tehri led him opposed and criticised by others for writing about the same place again and again. But in return these critism led his work to become more strengthful and created more significance among people. Also he got many awards like srelal shukra memorial IFFCO sahitya award, pahal samman, veer singh dev award of M.P government etc. More than these awards he won many hearts through his writing style before dying. His death made his literature work immortal for the people of mountain. He will be remembered as someone who felt the depth of lifestyle and realism. One who thinks he don’t know much about writing, climbed the highest mountain through his words, keeping pride on ground.

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