Pundit Nain Singh Rawat was not only a great explorer but also a master in cartography and trigonometry. His journal reflects adventurous and Courageous step he took in a late nineteenth century in designing the trekking map of China and Tibet. The condition of colonial India in the 1870s and 90s was worse than ever as far as the British rule was considered. The practice of “Coolie Begar” was mostly in the influence of British Kumaon and Garhwal. British officials and residents used Uttarakhand as the key spot to invade Nepal, China, and Tibet. But, Gurkhas and Frontier Guards of the Chinese government were valiant enough to defeat the Europeans at every war.
Pundit Nain Singh’s life was the witness to all the revolts that has been going on in the nation in the nineteenth century. Though much of his work has been revived by Geographical Society of India and Archaeological Survey of India, a commendable work has been done by Mr. Shekhar Pathak of “Pahar” and “Surendra Singh Pangtey” in reviving Pundit’s work with a touch of Hindi and English.
But some literary manuscripts by Captain Montgomery is most reflective upon the methodologies of Pundits in Johar – Milam. His reference to Royal Geographical Society made Pundit Nain Singh to win appreciation from Europeans. In my perspective, Pundit Nain Singh Rawat’s whole team deserves a great respect for their contribution to the GTS (Geographical Trigonometrical Survey). The earlier Topographical sheets of India was the possible contribution of Pundits of Johar.
I hope this issue will fulfill the Gap of Understanding the core of Cartography and Exploration. Follow this issue on www.doonmozaic.com
(Editor in Chief)
The Doon Mozaic