#greenbonus #sustaianabledevlopmentgoals #sdg13
SDG 13 is the code that stands for ‘ take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. Himalayan regions are the key role players in saving the effect of harmful greenhouse gases. Uttarakhand consists of 70% of the forest cover among which many of the present areas are under protective zones in terms of Biosphere reserves, hotspots, national parks, and sanctuaries.
According to the report of SDG uttarakhand ‘vision 2030’, Uttarakhand Government quotes studies that the value of ecosystem services provided by the state to the country amounts to between Rs. 25,000–.40,000 crore per annum. In lieu of these services, the state government has requested the Centre to provide a Green Bonus of just 10 per cent, or Rs. 2,000 crores per annum. According to recent media reports, the state government has now requested the Central Government for a higher amount of Rs. 4000 crore per annum, which is 10 percent of the upper-end estimated value of ecosystem services provided by the state to the country, at Rs. 40,000 crore, as Green Bonus. The report suggests that A carbon market can be established where deficit states, such as the highly industrialised southern states, can purchase carbon credits.
The Paris agreement has affected every corner of the world with the revolutionary point of reducing greenhouse gases by the technique of carbon trading and carbon credit. The regions that are participating in the damage control done by the climate change needs a particular pay back for their appreciable partnership in decreasing the carbon emission generated by in the overpopulated metropolitan cities around the world. This benefits of the interest can be based on the understanding between the governments and corporates.
In this case Uttarakhanad fits at its best as the region is not only participating actively in reducing the carbon emission by increasing the forest cover but also it is actively increasing the eco tourism approach. For which the Green Bonus role plays an important role.The reduction of dependency of eco tourism on the non biodegradable polymers and polythene is the part of the aim of these bonuses. Not only this, but also the green bonus will ensure that this state of the most influential environmentalist based Chipko movement remains away from the clan of unethical capitalist and cooperates.
The approach by the government to receive and force the center to release the bonus has been in the public domain since a decade. The main vision of the Uttarakhand Andolan was to make Uttarakhand a region of balanced development that can afford the sustainable lifestyle of the native people of the remote himalayas. The scenario till now has been opposite, lack of sufficient jobs and insufficient income in remote hills has made the people to become the victim of the migration.
The year of 2022 is near for Uttarakhand to hold a fresh legislative assembly elections. The topic of Green bonus for Uttarakhand for its open participation in conserving the forest cover in the region has made a strong point, but the center always seemed a bit week in considering the demand of the public which can increase the irregular urbanisation in the region like Dehradun, Haridwar and Bhabar terai regions of Kumaon too. The results of this delay in releasing the green bonus has directly impacted the prime cities of the state, where the cities are facing severe levels of industrialization with negligible forest cover. Uttarakhand has not managed to report even an increase of even 1% forest cover in the state as per the survey of 2015-2019, done by forest survey of india . It clearly demonstrates that the will of the government is decreasing to actively participate in improving its forest cover as there has been no response from the central government since a decade.